It’s been 20 years since the war began and now the foreign forces are plucking out of Afghanistan pursuing a deal between the US and therefore the Taliban militants they wiped out from power back in 2001. The war has killed 10,000 people and displaced millions.
The Taliban have vowed not to authorize Afghanistan to come to be a base for terrorists who could terrorize the West.
But the country’s hardline past rulers, who are now being vacated to safeguard a fragile government, have rapidly increased territory in recent weeks from Afghan army troopers. The Taliban also put together a pledge for national peace talks, but several fear a worsening civil war continued to be a far more likely consequence.
However, Joe Biden, the 4th US president to direct what has evolved America’s longest-ever war, one amounting to hundreds of billions of dollars, has established a figurative date of 11 September 2021 for full withdrawal.
The reason for the US fight in Afghanistan
It was back in 2001 when the US was reacting to the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington, in which approximately 3,000 people were killed. Officers identified Islamist militant organization al-Qaeda, and its commander Osama Bin Laden, as accountable. Under the preservation of the Islamists, Bin Laden was in Afghanistan,
who had been in power since 1996 in the Taliban. When they forbade them to hand him over, the US interfered militarily, promptly eliminating the Taliban and pledging to assist democracy and abolish the terrorist hazard. From then, the militants dropped away and later regrouped.
Destructive Taliban attacks resumed in 2004 when the Nato allies had United the US and a fresh Afghan government took over. Then-President Barack Obama’s “troop surge” in 2009 assisted in pushing back the Taliban but it was not a long period.
In 2014, Nato’s international forces stopped their war mission, vacating responsibility for security to the Afghan troops at the end of what was the bloodiest year since 2001, which gave the Taliban acceleration and they invaded more territory.
The US-Taliban peace talk
Peace talks between the US and therefore the Taliban began tentatively, with the Afghan regime just about unconcerned, and therefore the treaty on a withdrawal reached in February 2020 in Qatar. The US-Taliban contract didn’t halt the Taliban attacks, they switched their emphasis rather to Afghan security forces and civilians, and targeted assassinations. Their regions of control accumulated.
20 years of war in Afghanistan- the chronology
● 9/11 (11 September 2001): Al-Qaeda, directed by Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan, holds up out the largest terror outbreak ever performed on US homeland. 4 commercial airliners are highjack. 2 are drifting into the World Trade Centre in New York, which collapses. One strikes the Pentagon building in Washington, and one blows into a field in Pennsylvania. Approximately 3,000 people were killed.
● 7 October 2001: A US-led coalition bombs Taliban and al-Qaeda buildings in Afghanistan. Target Marks comprise Kabul, Kandahar, and Jalalabad. The Taliban, who took authority after a decade-long Soviet duty was followed by civil war, refused to hand over Bin Laden. Their air defenses and a tiny fleet of fighter aircraft are destroyed.
● 13 November 2001: A group of anti-Taliban, The Northern Alliance, rioters supported by coalition forces, enters Kabul as the Taliban escape the city. By 13 November 2001, all Taliban had either escaped or were neutralized. Other towns rapidly collapse.
● 26 January 2004: After protracted negotiations at a “Loya jirga” or great assembly, the new Afghan constitution is approved into law. The constitution paves the path for presidential elections in October 2004.
● 7 December 2004: Hamid Karzai governed anti-Taliban organizations around Kandahar before coming to be president.
● May 2006: British armies enter Helmand province, a Taliban refuge in the south of the country. Their introductory mission is to assist reconstruction projects, but they are shortly brought into war undertakings. More than 450 British troops lost their lives in Afghanistan throughout the war.
● 17 February 2009: US President Barack Obama authorizes a crucial boost in the number of battalions sent to Afghanistan. At their maximum, they number about 140,000. The so-called ‘rise ’ formed on US policy in Iraq where US troops pointed on safeguarding the civilian population as well as murdering insurgent fighters.
● 2 May 2011: Osama Bin Laden is tracked to a compound placed less than a mile from a Pakistani military organization. The chief of al-Qaeda is killed in an assault by US Navy Seals on a compound in Abbottabad, miles near in Pakistan. Bin Laden’s body is removed and hushed up at sea. The process ends a 10-year chase led by the CIA. The assurance that Bin Laden had been living on Pakistani soil powers charges in the US that Pakistan is a dangerous supporter in the war on terror.
● 23 April 2013: The originator of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, dies. His demise was kept hidden for more than 2 years. The Taliban governor is speculated to have undergone a shrapnel injury to his right eye in the 1980s. Mullah Omar dies of health issues at a clinic in the Pakistani city of Karachi, according to Afghan intelligence. Pakistan refuses that he was in the country.
● 28 December 2014: At a ritual in Kabul, Nato halts its war undertakings in Afghanistan. With the rise now over, the US withdraws thousands of troops. Most of those who stay concentrated on training and assisting the Afghan security forces.
● 2015: The Taliban launched a series of suicide invasions, car bombings, and other attacks. The parliament house in Kabul and the city of Kunduz are bombed. Islamic
● 25 January 2019: Ashraf Ghani, the president of Afghanistan announces that quite 45,000 members of his country’s defense forces have been killed since he became a pacesetter in 2014. The number is far elevated than formerly thought.
● 29 February 2020: The US and the Taliban signed an agreement for bringing peace to Afghanistan, in Doha, Qatar. The US and Nato supporters agree to revoke all battalions within 14 months if the militants uphold the contract.
● 11 September 2021: US forces are planned to withdraw from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021, specifically 20 years since 9/11. There are powerful inklings that the withdrawal may be complete before the official deadline.
What could happen next?
The apparent question is, will the Taliban take over the region again? President Biden has conveyed confidence that the militants will not overthrow the government in Kabul. But one US intelligence estimation in June inferred it could fall within 6 months of the military departure. The Afghan government doubted some of the militants’ territorial assertions, brutal fighting was going on in various key cities, and many were in the hands of the militants. The US says it will keep 650 to 1,000 squads to patrol the US embassy, Kabul airport, and other crucial government installations. The Taliban have announced any lasting troops could be targeted.